Gloria Richardson Pushes Aside Guardsman’s Bayonet.Cambridge MD 1963 AP

Gloria Richardson has died, a civil rights leader who led the movement in Maryland’s Eastern Shore in 1963, along with a courageous leadership style, as exemplified in this iconic AP photo; confronted with martial law enforced by National Guardsmen with bayonets, she simply pushed the weapon aside and kept on marching. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy had to come and mediate the “treaty of Cambridge” to end the violence. But martial law continued for another year, until it was superseded by the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, ending legal justifications for segregation. (AP)

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